Land Transaction Tax (LTT) has now replaced stamp duty in Wales. The new LTT system was announced by the Welsh Government in the October 2017 Budget and came into force in April 2018.
LTT is payable when you buy or lease a building or land over a certain price. The new LTT taxation system is broadly consistent with the existing SDLT structure in England and Northern Ireland.
The changes are designed to make the new tax fairer, improve taxation effectiveness and to enable a focus on Welsh needs and priorities.
New LTT rates and bands were introduced from April 2018. LTT is broadly based on SDLT with buyers paying tax on amounts between bands, not on the full purchase price of a property.
The new LTT rates in Wales are shown in the table below:
|Band||Normal Rate||Additional Property|
|Less than £180k||0%||3%|
|£180k to £250k||3.5%||6.5%|
|£250k to £400k||5%||8%|
|£400k to £750k||7.5%||10.5%|
|£750k to £1.5m||10%||13%|
|Rest over £1.5m||12%||15%|
For a normal purchase LTT is exempt on the first £180,000. Between £180,000 and £250,000 buyers will pay 3.5% within this band, 5% on the portion between £250,000 and £400,000, 7.5% on the portion between £400,000 and £750,000, 10% within the next band up to £1.5 million and 12% over that. For additional property, such as buy to let or second homes, there will be a 3% surcharge applied to all bands.
Under the new LTT system a 3% surcharge applies to all transactions involing the purchase of an additional property. Additional property types include buy to let investments and second homes. In line with the rest of the UK, the surcharge applies to the full purchase price above an initial threshold of £40,000.
Specific first time buyer relief is not currently available under the new LTT system but the higher zero tax threshold of £180k should capture most first time purchases.